PATH receives, responds to, and investigates allegations of abuse, neglect, and exploitation to people living in the community who are 60 years of age and older or ages 18-59 with a disability. Self-neglect cases are handled by PATH and cover McLean and Livingston counties.
The State of Illinois defines eight forms of abuse:
- Physical abuse – causing the infliction of physical pain or injury to a person
- Emotional abuse – verbal assaults, threats of abuse, harassment, or intimidation to compel the person to engage in conduct from which they have a right to abstain or refrain from conduct in which the person has a right to engage
- Sexual abuse – touching, fondling, or any other sexual activity with a person is unable to understand, unwilling to consent, or threatened or physically forced
- Confinement – restraining or isolating a person for other than medical reasons
- Deprivation – willfully denying assistance to a person who requires medication, medical care, shelter, food, therapeutic device, or another physical service, thereby exposing that person to the risk of harm.
- Passive neglect – the failure by a caregiver to provide a person with the necessities of life including, but not limited to, food, clothing, shelter, or medical care, because of failure to understand the person's needs, lack of awareness of services to help meet needs or lack of capacity to care for the person
- Financial exploitation – the misuse or withholding of a person's resources to the disadvantage of the person and or the profit/advantage of another person
- Self-neglect – Self-neglect is a general term used to describe a vulnerable adult living in a way that puts his or her health, safety, or well-being at risk.
To report suspected abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation of an adult age 60 or older or a person with disabilities age 18-59, call the statewide, 24-hour Adult Protective Services Hotline: 1-866-800-1409, 1-888-206-1327 (TTY).
The reporter should prepare to answer the following questions to the best of their ability:
- The alleged victim's name, address, telephone number, sex, age, and general condition;
- The alleged abuser's name, sex, age, relationship to the victim, and condition;
- The circumstances which lead the reporter to believe that the adult age 60 or older or person with disabilities age 18-59 is being abused, neglected, or financially exploited, with as much specificity as possible;
- Whether the alleged victim is in immediate danger, the best time to contact the person, if he or she knows of the report, and if there is any danger to the caseworker going out to investigate;
- Whether the reporter believes the client could make a report themselves;
- The name, telephone number, and profession of the reporter;
- The names of others with information about the situation;
- If the reporter is willing to be contacted again; and,
- Any other relevant information.
All reports and records of the Adult Protective Services Program are subject to strict confidentiality provisions, except as provided by law or court order.
Call the Illinois Department of Public Health's Nursing Home Complaint Hotline for residents living in nursing facilities: 1-800-252-4343.
For residents who live in Supportive Living Facilities (SLFs), call the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services' SLF Complaint Hotline: 1-800-226-0768.
For residents who live in a Community Integrated Living Arrangement (CILA), call the Department of Human Services, Office of Inspector General at 1-800-368-1463.